Vegetation cover on the coast of Kufa Case study using remote sensing technologies
Vegetation is one of the most important Land caver, that has ecological in pact
,which helps to stabilize the weather and works to maintain the mineral elements
and organic matter in soil, moisture and water cycle, Also contributes to decrease
the effeot of Global Warming .
the importance of the vegetation has increased in the last years,We used remote
sensing techniques, which are of the most basic techniques used in the study of
vegetation Landsat (5,8) for the year (1999-2016)have been used, Digital
processing techniques to calculat Norml(NDVI), The study showed a decrease in
vegetation areas with the expansion of the tracts of land barren as it was
(402.82)% versus shrinking green areas of land, amounting to (-83.40%).
this reflects the influence of natural factors of a lack of rainfall and drangnt rise,
the role of human activity resulting from growing populations and urbanization
at the expense of agricultural land, that this deterioration in vegetation in the
study area is the result of poor planning of land use.